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Burgundy wines


Burgundy is a region or area in France (so called Bourgogne). Finds to rocks in the Burgundy prove a dense population of people already ahead of 15,000 B. C. From the 6th century up to the arrival of the romans the Gauls settled in the Burgundy. Only 59. B.C. the romans beat the Gauls devastatingly under Julius Caesar’s leadership. An unrest at which the Gauls wanted to reconquer the Burgundy flickered up 52 B.C. in Burgundy, though. This plan failed, however, and Julius Caesar succeeds immediately and with stress with cultural Romanization. The romans began with the wine cultivation at 280 in the climatically favourable region of the Burgundy. This is the hour of birth of the wines from Burgundy and the oldest person well handed viniculture tradition down. Burgundies wines have nothing at her uniqueness lost through this day and are regarded as the most artful and roundest red wine worldwide.

Short annual summary of the events in the Burgundy after Christ:

  • 534 = Germanic subjected the native population to francs
  • 843 = New domains arose, incl. dynasties
  • 879 = The new king became Boso of Vienne of Niederburgund
  • 888 = „Welfer Rudolf“ was crowned to the king of Hochburgund
  • 910 = The foundation Benedictine cloister Cluny
  • 1075 = an area – related dukedom for the first time is provable in Burgundy
  • 1348 = Belt in Burgundy, the half of the residents of Burgundy died
  • 1789 = French revolution
  • 1790 = France was subdivided into regions
  • 1956 = Burgundy was seperated in 4 regions

The type of wine of the wines from Burgundy

Four main types are cultivated in the Burgundy and one wornly seldom uses these as offcut of further wines. Almost exclusively pure burgundies wines are produced.

Chardonnay – the white grape for tall burgundies wines

Chardonnay belongs to the white types of wine and is described as a noble shoot. She arose from crossroads between the Pinot Noir and the Gouais Blanc. In the active list of the types of wine most laid out takes the Chardonnay court 7. He makes climatics demands comparatively little, what his popularity worldwide promoted very much, and he finds his enthusiasts on all continents now. Since already sprouts early, he should be added in frost-free areas and get a chalky floor as a basis. The flavour of the Chardonnay is less characteristic such as over a Riesling, his high body wealth rather draws him out as regards taste. If the grape maturity is, however, inadequate, then he can taste grassy and thin also fast. The alcoholic content should therefore be set more highly at a Chardonnay to guarantee a balanced relationship of the taste carriers. The typical taste of a Chardonnay ( white burgundy) would be smoky, buttery with a breath of embankment nuts. Some of the white burgundies of highest quality are prepared from this type of wine. The perfect example of the white burgundy represents well the individual situation Le Montrachet in Chassagne - Montrachet. This wine of a good producer can be artful magnificently and infinitely. His store potential is enormous, he develops his bouquet only after more than 8 years. The best Montrachet comes well from the Domaine Romanee Conti and is produced in an insignificantly small quantity. These bottles are unavailable already before the harvest and hardly come onto the market. If you get one bottle of this burgundy you already must pay several thousand euros for this wine. However further very good and partly reasonably priced white burgundies are produced who are in the past drinking ripe and also make immensely fun.

The most famous Chardonnays are produced on the bottoms of ‚‘‘ Puligny Montrachet‘‘ ,‘‘ Meursault‘‘ ‚‘‘ Corton Charlemagne‘‘ and ‚‘‘ Chabblis‘‘. Her flavours reach of nuttily to petrol flavour with a breath butter and hay fresh cut. These wines are durable for a long time and always develop new tastes.

Distribution of the Chardonnay in the whole world - summary:

  • France = 42.047 Hectare of land
  • Italy = 11.800 Hectare of land
  • America = 44.500 Hectare of land
  • Australia = 32.150 Hectare of land
  • Moldavia = 10.000 Hectare of land
  • South Africa = 8.230 Hectare of land
  • New Zeeland = 3.802 Hectare of land
  • Chile = 8.548 Hectare of land
  • Slovenia = 3.600 Hectare of land
  • Germany = 1.087 Hectare of land

Pinot Noir – the perfect example of the red burgundy

Pinot Noir is also described as late burgundy in the German use age. This type of wine belongs to the high – quality types of wine for red wine and is summarized just like the Chardonnay to the noble shoots. The Pinot Noir is used also for the production of champagne.

It always can be foreseen only with difficultly how well a Pinot ages. Since he needs special climatic conditions, the ageing potential is strongly year addicted and can not be answered flatly. Moreover, the Cru position and the quality of the producers is of decisive importance. Top – quality wines can be very long – lasting and develop into a fantastically complex flavour. With simple burgundy wines or Bejaulaise Village plants one generally worns against a long storage. These burgundies have young and freshly to be drunk, make fun but do not get better in old age.

Already in the 20th century shoots were cultivated for the production of the Pinot Noir. DNA analyses stated that the Pinot Noir shows a direct inheriting line to the wild wine. By this inheriting line flavour rich offcuts are possible with other wines.

The best red burgundies wines come from Cote D´Or (Cote de Beaune and Cote de Nuits). Names like Musigny, Corton, La Tache, Romanee Conti, Richebourg, Clos Vougeot or St. Vivant are sonorous individual medleys. Best producers are Domaine Romanee Conti, Armand Rousseau, Jayer, Vogue, Noellat, Leroy, Domaine Marey Monge, Louis Latour, Rene Engel, Joseph Drouhin, to call only some. The best years of the red burgundie are 1929, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1969, 1978, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1999 and 2005.

Gamay (Beaujolais)

A red type of wine is occupiedly the 60% of the faces of wine Gamay in the Beaujelais area in Burgundy. Pinot Noir and Gamay are in the competition around the highest quality of the harvest material in the region already since the 14th century. The berries of the Gamay are fundamentally bigger, juicer and the bowl of the grape is thinner than that one of the Pinot Noir. By these features the Gamay usually stands for structure poor mass wines and is produced in the Burgundy for the everyday use.

The grapes provide raspberry and cherry flavour to a hot one, sweet like. The Cru wines resulting for it out are more nutritious in the taste and are able to mature for some years and to gain at structure in the bottle. A Gamay should be drunk young generally.