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The bottle sizes and bottle forms of the world

The differences of the wine bottles

The wine bottle counts the final consumer as one of the gängigsten store and transport containers for the sale and the storage from wine. Many different sizes and forms are produced and produced. The most frequent bottles have a filling volume of 0.75 litres and belong to the known EU norm since the year 1977. However, the 0.75 litres default size is not used by all countries worldwide generally, the USA and Switzerland still like to use the earlier sizes 0.7 to 0.8 litre, for example. Wine is even available in Tetra of Pack in today's time, only bar wines and no high-quality drops are filled here, though.

The wine bottle history

In the past, wine almost exclusively was stored in barrels vinified and in tubs. The wine was not sugaredly or thinnedly seldom mixed for the durability increase with resins so that only with the invention of the glass bottle the kind of wine which we know and love today could arise. One served wine in metal or ceramic jugs, this wine was traded in so-called tubes (Container from animal skins).

In the 17th century glass bottles they were of use for for the first time for the production and this production method established herself further and further and got more popular fast in the 18th century. In the 19th century the glass bottle already then advanced as the most important container for wine. An important reason for it was, which glass chemically is neutral. Like this a good one was possible for storage and follow-up maturation. At that time, it was popular with the manufacturers to coin seals or dealer in the glass to make a clear identification possible and reach an improved customer retention, too. An early marketing instrument of the dealers and producers.

The colour of the glass was still black to the beginning one added olive green-coloured and green and then brown glass there. The glass mould was at the beginning improvements "onion-likely" - bulbously, later were introduced in the direction of the cylindrical bottles. This innovation brought about considerable improvements.

The five basic forms of the wine bottle

the Bordeaux bottle:

The bordeaux bottle is easily recognizable at her shoulders. She is part of the most popular form for dry red wines. The bottom of the wine bottle is easily warped to prevent a draining away of the deposit (depository) into the drinking glass. One must provide this bottle form upright early before serving to collect the depository of the high-quality wines on the ground.

the burgundy bottle:

 The original Burgundian bottle does not have any shoulders. As a rule, she is used for red wine and white wine. The classic colour of the bottle is dark till pale green, however, there also are clear glass variants. She is used for a lot of different wines in very dark glass in Italy (Barolo, Barbaresco etc.). One uses Burgundian bottles for grey or late Burgundian wines for example in Germany.

High or stick bottle:

The high or stick bottle is a slim, fluty bottle which resembles a Burgundian bottle stretched for a long time. Her origin is in Germany. It is therefore preferably used also for the species common in Germany. As a rule, there is she in brown (Rhine) and green bottles of (Moselle). The high bottle is a typical form (mostly a little more highly than in Germany) next to Germany for the Alsace, Austria and Switzerland. She worldwide is used for Rieslings and dessert wines with pleasure.

Champagne bottles:

 The bottle is quite thick-walled to withstand the printing inside bottle. Originally the warped floor resulted for glass bladders because the bottle had to be turned over a wood staff. The warped floor absorbs the printing to the walls better, though and takes care with that that the bottle ground does not break. The classic champagne bottle is green, only few exceptions are clear (Roederer Cristal). The green colour( at others the brown colour) protects the wine from the detrimental effect of the UV beams generally and is important just with wine storing for a long time. It is valid generally: the darker the bottle and the storage place, the better the protection against UV radiation!

Broader bottle forms:

In addition to the wine bottles just mentioned there is a variety of broader typical bottle forms. Thus for example the flat, in francs and Portugal, is used bulgy bulbous buck the Hungarian Tokajer has just like the haven wine, the wines of Provence (traditionally in club bottles to be filled) or also the Vin Jaune its own, typical bottle form.

Demijohns etc.:

 Mated with the delicate Rhine district glass the Rhine district flute sets new standards. Since the beginning of 1990 has been there a bottle form of his own for Californian wines for example and for the nineties of the last century too usually of a trend gives a general one to slim designer bottles. The list of the special bottles is long: In Bordeaux the Château skin Brion has a singular bottle form already for many decades.

However even further special bottles, the ones not for the sale, exist but exclusively are intended for the storage. A classic variant is the Demi-John who holds 45 litres and is used by Non-Vintage port but also by sherry or Moscatel to the storage. After a maturation in this big bottle the wines are then drawn on the 0.75 litres of bottle.

The standard bottle size for wine is 0.75 litres or 1/4 bottle. Other bottle sizes have their own designation, were established usually Biblical names from history.


One is not meant kings, but the son of Nebudaknezar II. Nebudaknezar II was the last king in the new Babylonian empire of 604 of from the three saints. Christ to 562 of. Christ. In the Old Testament it is located written that Balthazar the containers Jehovas desecrate those its father from the holy temple in Jerusalem had before robbed. After the vessels were removed from Jehova, a flame inscription appeared on the palace wall. The prophet Daniel read:“ My tekel u-pharsin“ (translate: Weighed and too easily felt).


Salomon banished Jeroboam because of a rebellion. In the same year, when Salomon died and the office passed his son on, Jeroboam returned and the empire founded Israel with ten tribes.


 Salomon's son and the successor as a King von Juda is Rehoboam (South empire of the Jews).


 He was the biblical forefather of the old testament and got 969 years old. At that time, the scholars still classed his household effects, the property, cattle etc. to this as the true age. So the imaginary resulted for age, very much old age.

Nebukadnezar II

 Father of Balthazar. Nebudaknezar II conquering head of a column 586 before Christ Juda. At the conquest he destroyed the capital Jerusalem as well as the temple which has been built by Salomon. The top layer of the Jews came so into captivity. As Nebudaknezar II the last king died his son Balthazar was the last king of the new Babylon empire. Nebudaknezar II went down in history as an example for Giuseppe Verdis and opera Nabuccho.

Salmanazar V.

 Assyrian king He conquered the northern kingdom of the Jews and made it the province of Assyria.

The bottle sizes are a little different depending on a wine way or wine region!

Name qty # Bordeaux bottles
Half 375 ml 1/2 Bottle
Bottle 750 ml 1 Bottle
Magnum 1500 ml (1.5 L) 2 Bottles
Marie Jeanne 2250 ml (2.25 L) 3 Bottles
Double Magnum 3000 ml (3 L) 4 Bottles
Jeroboam 5000 ml (5 L) 6 Bottles
Rehoboam (not used) ----- ----- 
Imperial 6000 ml (6 L) 8 Bottles
Methuselah (not used) ----- -----
Salmanazar (not used) ----- -----
Balthazar 12000 ml (12 L) 16 Bottles
Nebuchadnezzar 15000 ml (15 L) 20 Bottles
Melchior 18000 ml (18 L) 24 Bottles
Burgund / Rhone    
Name qty # burgundy bottles
Half 375 ml 1/2 Bottle
Bottle 750 ml 1 Bottle
Magnum 1500 ml (1.5 L) 2 Bottles
Marie Jeanne (not used) -----  ----- 
Double Magnum (not used) ----- ----- 
Jeroboam 3000 ml (3 L) 4 Bottles
Rehoboam 4500 ml (4.5 L) 6 Bottles
Imperial (not used) ----- -----
Methuselah 6000 ml (6 L) 8 Bottles
Salmanazar 9000 ml (9 L) 12 Bottles
Balthazar 12000 ml (12 L) 16 Bottles
Nebuchadnezzar 15000 ml (15 L) 20 Bottles
Melchior 18000 ml (18 L) 24 Bottles
Name qty # Champagne bottles
Half 375 ml 1/2 Bottle
Bottle 750 ml 1 Bottle
Magnum 1500 ml (1.5 L) 2 Bottles
Marie Jeanne (not used) ----- ----- 
Double Magnum (not used) ----- -----
Jeroboam 3000 ml (3 L) 4 Bottles
Rehoboam 4500 ml (4.5 L) 6 bottles
Imperial (not used) ----- ----- 
Methuselah 6000 ml (6 L) 8 bottles
Salmanazar 9000 ml (9 L) 12 Bottles
Balthazar 12000 ml (12 L) 16 Bottles
Nebuchadnezzar 15000 ml (15 L) 20 Bottles
Melchior 18000 ml (18 L) 24 Bottles

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