The wine enthusiast understands the height of the air-fluid level by the filling standard in a wine bottle.The renunciation of a right between corks and filling standard is very small at bottles filled newly, in the course of the storage it then comes to a partly insignificant decline by the evaporation due to the never one hundred per cent thick connection between nature corks and neck of a bottle, as a rule because alone the cork of highest quality is not elastic completely.
The probability of an evaporation is considerably lower at a professional storage as well as at a high-quality cork.Within the first 10 years no considerable ullage should appear.
Here the technical descriptions to the filling standard.
Filling levels at Bordeaux bottles:
„High Fill“ (“h.f.“) – no-one recognizing ullage more visibly.
„Into Neck“ (“i.n.“) or „Base Neck“ (“b.n.“) - mean that the wine mirror still has the same breadth as in the case of the filling.
„High Shoulder“ (“h.s.“) or „Top Shoulder“ (“t.s.“) - The mirror widens himself easily.However acceptable for wines those older than 20 years are.
„Upper Shoulder“ (“u.s.“) or „High Mid Shoulder“ (“h.(t.)m.s.“) - Point between "high" and " mid shoulder“. Regular for an over 30-year wine.
„Mid Shoulder“ (“m.s.“)– Filling level in the center of the bottle shoulder, where she changes slowly into the vertical.Natural decline with over 40-year wines.
„Low Shoulder“ (“l.s.“) – The end of the shoulder.This filling standard is acceptable with rare and sought-after top-quality wines.
„Below Shoulder“ (“b.s.“)–High risk for oxidation.
At other bottle forms, such as Burgundian, Riesling etc., the description is difficult using the shoulder form. The filling level is measured by the renunciation of a right of the liquid standard to the bottom edge of the cork here. Besides it is to be marked that in the special with Burgundern the filling level of a bottle has substantially different logical value than for example with a Bordeaux wine. So a filling level of 7 cm only indicates a proportionately low risk over an over 50-year-old red Burgundian. A filling standard less than 5 cm is excellent for such a wine.